Food is the bridge that unites all cultures.~ Shakira Z. Ch'i
On July 12th, I received the most disheartening news. A woman that I admired a great deal, passed away in terrorist attack. I was immediately reduced to tears and inconsolable sadness. Not her? How could this happen to Hodan? She was most positive journalist, one that walked the walk, one that believed in her birth home and it's children, and she had the most infectious smile to match. It took me this long to touch on her death. With each thought of her untimely demise, each word I type, I get choked up. Hodan was also pregnant with her 3rd child at the time. I found this article that was most interesting that I want to share with you all. Quite frankly, I couldn't have summarized the ongoing conflict in Somalia any better. Ms.Nalayeh wasn't the only casualty in this recent attack. So would like to offer my duas and condolence to all the other victims, including her husband. May they all rest in peace and may their deaths not be in vain! Peace Always~ Shakira
The US is quietly waging war in Somalia – and Trump has made it worse!Only two civilians have been killed or injured in the entirety of the US’s bombing campaign of Somalia — that is, according to the US Africa Command (AFRICOM). But is that true? I doubt it. The campaign has gone on now for more than a decade, and new internal documents, obtained and released last week by The Intercept, give credible evidence that the US “has long been aware of multiple attacks that left civilians dead or wounded following operations by US or allied forces.”
Questions about how many civilians die in America’s drone wars have long been subject to controversy, but there is an even bigger question at hand here: What exactly is the US’s campaign in Somalia supposed to accomplish?
It seems very few have an answer with any weight. After all, the militant groups al-Shabaab and the Islamic State in Somalia (ISS) pose no threat to the US. They’re actually fighting each other. Even after years of onslaught from the US, we haven’t made a dent in their ability to carry out local attacks. Yet we continue to Somalia regularly, releasing statements tallying the number of dead militants — and all the while the security environment remains unchanged.
Ultimately, these strikes are a blood-shedding public relations move. We’re needlessly flexing our military muscles and celebrating how many “terrorists” we’ve killed. US action does nothing to dampen the underlying motivation of insurgents, and it may even serve to create more.
It’s worth remembering that al-Shabaab exists in large part because of blowback from US foreign policy. For nearly two decades, beginning in the early 1990s, Somalia was a pseudo-anarchic space with no central government. But in the early 2000s, the US backed a group of powerful warlords ruling Somalia for assistance in tracking down members of al-Qaeda. These warlords were vicious and became universally despised across the capital city. Islamist factions banded together in 2006 and ran the warlords out of town, forming the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), taking control of most of southern Somalia and most of its major cities.
There were al-Qaeda elements present in the ICU, but they were a minority — consisting of a few dozen foreign operatives and a handful of Somalis with aspirations of global jihad, to investigative reporter Jeremy Scahill. By and large, though, the ICU’s concerns were categorically local. Nevertheless, the still-fresh memory of 9/11 pushed forward an all-encompassing philosophy of foreign intervention from the Bush administration — articulated in the 9/11 commission report as “the American homeland is the planet,” whereby elements of terror anywhere were considered an unacceptable risk. The ICU could not be allowed to control Somalia.
Somali Isis and al-Shabaab are enemies. In the middle is the US, intent on eradicating both, with no thought of the unintended consequences that created them in the first place. Of course, neither pose any real threat to our national security. It’s merely bombing for bombing’s sake.
It seems very few have an answer with any weight. After all, the militant groups al-Shabaab and the Islamic State in Somalia (ISS) pose no threat to the US. They’re actually fighting each other. Even after years of onslaught from the US, we haven’t made a dent in their ability to carry out local attacks. Yet we continue to Somalia regularly, releasing statements tallying the number of dead militants — and all the while the security environment remains unchanged.
DNA leads police to suspect 25 years after murder of 9-year-old Angie Housman
Christine Byers and Kim Bell St. Louis Post-Dispatch ST.
CHARLES COUNTY, Mo. Twenty-five years after the abduction, rape and murder of 9-year-old Angie Housman, police believe they know who killed her, sources close to the investigation say.
Forensic scientists found a DNA sample last fall on a piece of evidence from the crime scene that had previously gone undetected. Using recent advances in DNA analysis, scientists matched the sample to a 61-year-old disgraced Air Force veteran, convicted pedophile and international online child pornography purveyor, according to sources familiar with the case.
St. Charles County Prosecutor Tim Lohmar is expected to announce charges soon against the man, who remains civilly committed at a federal prison out of state, sources say.
In a statement, Lohmar confirmed there have been "new developments" in the case, but did not elaborate on the ongoing investigation.
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch typically does not identify suspects until they are charged with a crime.
News of the arrest has come too late for Angie's mother, Diane Bone. She died of cancer two years ago at age 52. Her family said Diane Bone grieved for her daughter until her own death in 2016.
Her husband, Ron Bone, Angie's stepfather, said Tuesday that police questioned him about two or three months ago and showed him photographs of a man they thought was responsible for Angie's death. Bone said he did not know the man.
"That picture, he's a young kid but I don't know him exactly by name but the picture looks familiar, face looks familiar but I can't picture who he is," Bone told the Post-Dispatch.
Bone is glad police are close to solving the case but faults them for not doing more sooner. "If they got the guy, fantastic."
The brown-haired fourth-grader at Ritenour's Buder School was abducted about a half block from her home on Wright Avenue in St. Ann, minutes after hopping off her school bus Nov. 18, 1993.
Hundreds of police officers and volunteers scoured the area. Ultimately, a deer hunter found her body nine days later tied to a tree in a remote section of Busch Wildlife Area in St. Charles County.
She had been starved, handcuffed, sexually assaulted, and her eyes and mouth were covered with duct tape. Authorities believe she died from exposure mere hours before she was found.
The crime sent local parents into a panic and led to one of the most intense police investigations ever launched in the St. Louis area.
Records show police might have been closer to identifying the suspect than they realized through the years. He had previous child molestation convictions and arrests and connections to the area at the time. His name was included on a list of sex offenders the FBI assembled four years after the murder, but he was never questioned.
Many of the original investigators have retired, or died, making it difficult to determine why the man was not developed as a suspect earlier.
Though police believe Angie was a stranger to the man, he knew the area of St. Ann where she lived with her mother, stepfather and younger brother.
An attorney for the suspect has not responded to a request for comment. Sources say the man has not cooperated with the investigation, so some key questions remain. Why did he pick Angie? Where did he take her? Why did he leave her to die? Did he act alone?
Through the years, numerous officers investigated the case. They heard false confessions. They developed sketches one of which resembles what the suspect looked like at the time of Angie's murder. The FBI profiled the killer: a white man age 20 to 45, a loner who might have lost a loved one or a job recently.
They followed hundreds, if not thousands, of leads.
None was solid until March.
It was a fluke that no one saw a thing on the day of Angie's abduction. A neighbor who usually stood guard at her window to watch children get off the bus did not do so that day. Another neighbor who watched the afternoon drop-offs from her front porch was away tending to her sick father.
At first, an avalanche of tips poured in. Neighbors reported neighbors. Parents even called the police on the police, not realizing unmarked police cars were following school buses.
Schools instituted buddy systems to ensure children didn't walk alone. Police pulled over dozens of white vans, once described as possibly connected to the crime.
When the body of Cassidy Senter, a 10-year-old girl from north St. Louis County, was found in a St. Louis alley about a month after Angie disappeared, the region was near hysteria. Many feared a serial child predator was on the loose. But Cassidy's killer a neighbor was arrested within weeks and eliminated as Angie's killer.
At times, police thought they were close to catching Angie's killer. A Texas auditor was arrested in the attempted abduction of a school girl in Maryland Heights. Another man arrested in Florida confessed to being a child molester and had newspaper clippings about Angie's death.
Last fall, investigators with a cold case task force planned to send more than 300 pieces of evidence from Angie's case to a private lab, but sources say they allowed the St. Charles County Crime Lab to comb through the evidence once more before it was sent away.
On March 1, a sample from one of the pieces of Angie's clothing matched a DNA profile in a national database of criminals, according to the sources.
Since then, investigators have been delving into the man's past, questioning those who knew him. They've looked at the possibility that he had help in Angie's abduction and murder.
Investigators have questioned Ron Bone, telling him that they found his DNA on the child's clothing as well. Bone said he realizes relatives are often suspect in child disappearances and deaths, and he said he long ago took lie detector tests and gave police his DNA through hair samples.
"I had nothing to do with this," Bone said.
Records show Angie's alleged killer grew up in the St. Louis area. He enlisted in the Air Force in 1975 and became a computer operator. He was dishonorably discharged in 1982 after being convicted in a court-martial proceeding for molesting four young girls for whom he baby-sat while stationed at Rhein-Main Air Base in Germany.
He was paroled in 1985 and returned to the St. Louis area.
He was questioned by police in at least two alleged child molestation incidents one resulting in his arrest in Overland in the four years leading up to Angie's murder.
That arrest in Overland was enough to revoke parole for his crimes in Germany, and he returned to federal custody from January to December 1992.
Upon release, he gave his mother's address on Wismer Drive in St. Ann about a half-mile from where Angie disappeared.
Eleven months later, Angie was found dead.
At some point during the 1990s, the alleged killer moved to Colorado. His record there appeared mostly clean until January 2003 when he went to meet someone he thought was a 14-year-old girl whom he had emailed asking her to become his sex slave. She was an undercover federal agent.
After his arrest, police seized about 45,000 images of child pornography from his computer and learned that he was an administrator of an online child pornography ring.
Just before his scheduled release for those crimes in 2011, the suspect was certified as a sexually dangerous person under the Adam Walsh Act. The 2006 law allows authorities to keep someone incarcerated beyond their sentence a status known as a civil commitment if a panel including forensic psychologists determine the person is highly likely to re-offend.
The suspect has unsuccessfully appealed the government's decision to keep him incarcerated, saying, in part, that his poor health makes it unlikely that he will re-offend.
(c)2019 St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Visit the St. Louis Post-Dispatch at www.stltoday.com
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Copyright © 2019, Chicago Tribune
Hello friends, I know that it's been awhile. I've been busy with everyday life, as we all have been, I'm sure. Frankly, sometimes one just run out of things to speak on...well unless you care not about being redundant? As you may know, I'm one that's ever curious, ever questioning, ever looking at deeper aspects, even something so mundane as, da da dom......weather!! I've been noticing a pattern. It's warm, sunny and bright one day, then the next 2-3 days that follows it's rainy, cloudy and somewhat cold for this time of year. This prompted me to do a little online research. Which I did, and found article after article about how scientist were blocking the sun spring 2019...eureka, that's it!!! That explains this crappy and unusual weather pattern. I understand that global warming is indeed an issue that shouldn't be taken lightly, but is this the way? Should mankind throw off the balance of the universe by toying with the most powerful, most needed entity...the sun? What lasting effects will this have on the planet, nature and man? Why hasn't this been discussed with the masses? Should't we have a say in the well being of the planet? Now, I know that some of you will say "Well man is reason why we have global warming in the first place." But for that I say no!!! What has accelerated this thing called global warming is mankind's greed!!! The need to act as god on earth. The need for ultra consumption. The need to control supply and demand. In short, capitalism. This is the demon that's hastening the demise of our home. No matter color, culture or religion, this is the only home WE all have! But before we go messing up the divine order, we need to try something different. Try killing capitalism before you potentially kill OUR Sun!
Peace Always~ Shakira
Below is the article posted in Forbes Magazine
Harvard Scientists Begin Experiment To Block Out The Sun
A group of Harvard scientists plans to tackle climate change through geoengineering by blocking
out the sun. The concept of artificially reflecting sunlight has been around for decades, yet this will be the first real attempt at controlling Earth's temperature through solar engineering.
The project, called Stratospheric Controlled Perturbation Experiment (SCoPEx), will spend $3 million to test their models by launching a steerable balloon in the southwest US 20 kilometers into the stratosphere. Once the balloon is in place, it will release small particles of calcium carbonate. Plans are in place to begin the launch as early as the spring of 2019.
The basis around this experiment is from studying the effects of large volcanic eruptions on the planet's temperature. In 1991, Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines erupted spectacularly, releasing 20 million tonnes of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere. The sulfur dioxide created a blanket around Earth's stratosphere, cooling the entire planet by 0.5 °C for around a year and a half. As scientists, governmental agencies around the world, and environmental groups grow increasingly worried of our collective ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and curb climate change, the idea of geoengineering a solution has become more accepted. The ultimate goal is to reduce the warming on Earth. This can be done by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, sucking CO2 from the atmosphere, or limiting the sunlight that reaches Earth's surface.
The first two methods are actively discussed and implemented to various degrees. The recent commitment of G20 members (with the United States as the sole rejector) to the Paris Agreement will act to solve the source of the problem by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Sucking CO2 from the atmosphere and locking it away in Earth's crust, called CO2 sequestration, has been implemented and deployed. For instance, Royal Dutch Shell has built large carbon sequestration facilities with the Canadian and Australian governments.
The third method, blocking out sunlight has been controversial in the scientific community for decades. The controversy lies in the inability to fully understand the consequences of partially blocking out sunlight. A reduction in global temperature is well understood and expected, however, there remain questions around this method's impact on precipitation patterns, the ozone, and crop yields globally.
This is precisely why the Harvard research team intends to spray tiny chalk (calcium carbonate) particles into the stratosphere in a controlled experiment. Computer models can only go so far in predicting the impacts this geoengineering technique, it is time for a real world test. With funding in part by Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, the Harvard team will begin to answer the remaining questions as early as the spring of 2019.
While the potential negative effects are not fully characterized, the ability to control Earth's temperature by spraying small particles into the stratosphere is an attractive solution largely due to its cost. The recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report estimated that the continual release of particles into the stratosphere could offset 1.5 °C of warming for $1 billion to $10 billion per year.
When comparing these costs with the global reduction in fossil fuel use or carbon sequestration, the method becomes very attractive. Thus, scientists, government agencies and independent funders of this technology must balance the inexpensive and effectiveness of this method with the potential risks to global crops, weather conditions, and drought. Ultimately, the only way to fully characterize the risks is to conduct real-world experiments, just as the Harvard team is embarking upon.
Trevor Nace is a PhD geologist, founder of Science Trends, Forbes contributor, and explorer. Follow his journey @trevornace.
Illustration of the balloon system the Harvard team will deploy to release calcium carbonate into the stratosphere.
Col. John McKee: Mogul behind the McKee City section of Hamilton, Egg Harbor townships (A.C Press Repost)
Col. John McKee was heralded as the wealthiest black man in America when he died in 1902, but his impact and vision extended far beyond the wealth he amassed over 80 years.
The Civil War veteran and real estate magnate, whose vast holdings included 400,000 acres in Atlantic County, defied the odds in an era of Jim Crow. His estate was valued at $2 million, roughly $52 million today.
“I look at John McKee as the forerunner of black entrepreneurship in this country,” said Ralph Hunter, founder and curator of the African American Heritage Museum of Southern New Jersey. “He was so far ahead of the curve.”
Even in death, McKee held the reins of an empire that included 400 properties in Philadelphia; 66 acres along the Delaware River north of the city; 23,000 acres in New York; and some 300,000 acres of coal, oil and farm land holdings in Georgia, Kentucky and West Virginia.
In a sprawling 27-page will, he set forth a plan to continue developing McKee City, an area of Egg Harbor and Hamilton townships that still bears his name.
Revenue from 999-year leases in South Jersey would help fund the “Colonel John McKee’s College,” a school for orphaned boys, regardless of race. He also set aside 10 acres of land for the Catholic diocese, which would eventually be used for St. Katharine Drexel parish.
McKee was less generous, however, with his own family, bequeathing a gold watch and $50 annuity to his grandson and free rent at a small cottage and a $300 annuity to his surviving daughter.
Few of McKee’s plans ever came to fruition due to legal wrangling over his will, but historians say the document sheds light on a mysterious and influential figure. Newspapers reported the family drama, but contained little information about the man himself.
“It’s like nobody has quite figured the megalomaniac out,” said Atlantic County historian June Sheridan. “He’s an enigma, this person you can’t quite put your thumb on.”
McKee was born to free black parents in Alexandria, Va., around 1821 and was indentured to a brick maker as a young man. At 21, he came to Philadelphia and worked a series of service jobs before marrying the daughter of James Prosser, a wealthy black caterer and restauranteur.
In 1863, he enlisted with the 12th regiment of the U.S. Colored Infrantry, where he served until the close of the war. After the war, McKee entered the real estate business, renting houses and leasing farm land to the influx of freed slaves that came north.
Sheridan said there’s little indication of how he was able to purchase the properties, but it’s likely he used his father-in-law’s wealth as a springboard. According to census records, McKee’s real estate holdings grew from $15,000 to $190,000 in the 10 years between 1860 and 1870. In 1860, his 12-member household included a coachman, servant and waiter, luxuries few families could afford then or now.
Whatever the source of McKee’s seed money, he became known as a shrewd businessman and meticulous boss. His leases stipulated exactly what could be built on the property, how the land should be cleared and even which crops his tenants should grow each year.
“There’s a real question about whether he was doing a good thing or if he was taking advantage of (free slaves) because they were susceptible,” Sheridan said.
McKee’s secrecy led to speculation about his motives.
Mitchell Hopkins, an elderly McKee City resident who had worked for McKee maintaining properties, was quoted in a 1937 Atlantic City Press article saying he believed his employer “made much of his fortune in the slave trade.” He added that McKee came to Atlantic County about once every two weeks to direct construction and the clearing of land.
Hunter said it’s likely McKee faced resistance as he bought large tracts of Atlantic County in the 1880s. By the time of his death, his land holdings dwarfed the built-out area of Atlantic City, accounting for slightly less than 1 percent of the county’s total land area.
“It was unheard of to think of an African-American man who could put together a fortune of this magnitude in that period of time,” he said.
Well into the 20th century, Hunter said blacks in New Jersey often used “straw buyers” who would purchase property and transfer it to their name.
McKee may have had an easier time than most because of his Gaelic surname and light skin — his grandson T. John McKee, a prominent Wall Street attorney, for decades “passed” as a white man — but the historical record is sparse.
By 1902, McKee City had a population of 185, many of them ex-slaves. The community, which centered on the railroad, boasted a general store, post office and school.
In the will, McKee instructed his executors — including Catholic Archbishop Patrick Ryan, who reportedly had never met McKee prior to being notified of the bequest — to continue developing
McKee City. Tenants would be required to build “a substantial brick or frame dwelling house containing not less than six rooms” and could purchase their properties after the expiration of a 999-year lease.
In an attempt to ensure his legacy, McKee stipulated that all deeds show the parcel located was in “McKee City.” The name has stuck, but these days the designation is informal.
Similarly, McKee’s school for orphans would prominently feature a statue of him mounted on a horse. McKee helpfully included a photo of himself in his Civil War uniform in the envelope when he was drafting the will in 1899.
“He was creating a tribute to himself,” Sheridan said. “I don’t know if it was ego or if he really cared about the college; he never let anyone know what his reasons were.”
Today, little remains of McKee’s city. Many of the original buildings burned or were torn down in the intervening century. Part of the land holdings became what is now the Atlantic City Race Course and the Hamilton Mall.
Bill Boerner owns the last remaining farmhouse from McKee City, which his family purchased about a century ago. He still grows apples and other produce at his Pleasant Valley Farms off Route 40 in Hamilton Township.
“People don’t even know what McKee City is anymore,” he said. “It got gobbled up by the shopping developm
While the college envisioned never materialized, a 1952 court settlement did result in scholarship program that still awards about $250,000 to between 15 to 20 college-bound orphan boys each year.
Robert J. Stern, the McKee Scholarship Fund’s executive secretary, said the fund has about $5 million in invested assets. The scholarships are rewarded primarily from the earnings of that money, not the principal, he said.
“Fatherless boys already have one strike against them and sometimes more,” he said. “It’s a great thing for their education, especially with the government cutbacks in education.”
As all Americans know, February is "Black History Month." This is the time when children of all colors learn of Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks. No disrespect, but after hearing the " I Have A Dream" speech and how Mrs. Rosa Parks didn't give up her seat to a white man, year after year, it becomes a little redundant and it's no wonder why children lose interest.
I ask these questions...
Why is black American history only taught the shortest month of the year?
Why aren't black American children being encouraged to become more involved in S.T.E.M?
Why are blacks, #ADOS still the most disenfranchised even after all the great inventions and fundamental contributions?
Could you imagine what America...the world, would be like without the intellectual property created by black #ADOS people?
I'll be the first to admit that I had no idea just how many intricate and essential things that my ancestral constituents devised. I was in utter awe. Why didn't I know these things? Why do black Americans have the stereotypical misrepresentation of only being good as the "dumb jock, ratchet rapper or dubious double talking politician?"
Because I believe in creating and exploring different paths than those given, I intentionally did't post any "black history" in the month of February, as I believe, as I know that "black history" is American history and should be taught everyday of the year!!! ( Maybe I will start an online petition to have this implemented in the educational curriculum. )
I said all that to say this, If America truly wants to be great? If America truly doesn't want to fall? She wouldn't leave melanated, a.k.a indigenous b.k.a ADOS out of the conversation. She would realize the gem she is in company of and invite us to the table to fairly divide the pie!!! (Reparations and land) Think about it!
I've made a list of just some of the inventions Indigenous Americans (ADOS) have made, please research and share what you have learned with family and friends!
Peace Always~ Shakira
Alcorn, George Edward, Jr.1940– Physicist, inventor Invented a method of fabricating an imaging X-ray spectrometer
Alexander, Archie 1888–1958 Civil engineer Responsible for the construction of many roads and bridges, including the Whitehurst Freeway, the Tidal Basin Bridge, and an extension to the Baltimore-Washington Parkway.
Bailey, Leonard C.1825–1918InventorFolding bed
Banneker, Benjamin 1731–1806 Mathematician, astronomer, surveyor, clockmaker, author, farme rWooden clock (1753); assisted in survey of the original boundaries of the District of Columbia (1791); authored almanac and ephemeris (1792–1797)
Bashen, Janet 1957 –Inventor, entrepreneur, professional consultant First African-American woman to receive a patent for a web-based software invention, LinkLine, an Equal Employment Opportunity case management and tracking software
Bath, Patricia 1942–Ophthalmologist First African-American female physician to receive a patent for a medical invention; inventions relate to cataract surgery and include the Laserphaco Probe, which revolutionized the industry in the 1980s, and an ultrasound technique for treatment
Beard, Andrew 1849–1921 Farmer, carpenter, blacksmith, railroad worker, businessman, inventorJanney coupler improvements; invented the car device #594,059 dated November 23, 1897; rotary engine patent #478,271 dated July 5, 1892
Bell, Earl S.1977– Inventor, entrepreneur, architect, industrial designer Invented chair with sliding skin (2004) and the quantitative display apparatus (2005)
Benjamin, Miriam 1861–1947 Inventor, educatorInvented "Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels"; second African-American woman to receive a patent
Berry, Leonidas 1902–1995 Gastroenterologist Gastroscope pioneer
Blackwell, David 1919–2010 Mathematician, statistician First proposed the Blackwell channel model used in coding theory and information theory; one of the eponyms of the Rao–Blackwell theorem, which is a process that significantly improves crude statisticalestimators
Blair, Henry 1807–1860 Inventor Second black inventor to issue a patent; invented seed planter and cotton planter.
Boone, Sarah 1832–1905 Inventor Ironing board allowing sleeves of women's garments to be ironed more easily
Boykin, Otis1920–1982 Inventor, engineer Artificial heart pacemaker control unit
Brooks, Charles1865– ?Inventor Street sweeper truck and a type of paper punch
Brooks, Phil Inventor First US patent for a disposable syringe
Henry Brown 1832– ? Inventor Invented fire safe
Brown, Oscar E. 18xx– ?Inventor Received a patent for an improved horseshoe
Brown, Marie Van Brittan 1922–1999 Inventor Invented the home security system
Burr, John Albert18xx– ?Inventor Rotary-blade lawn mower patent
Cannon, Thomas C.1943- Inventor Led a group of engineers who developed the Tactical Optical Fiber Connector (TOFC), the first fiber optic connector deployed under battlefield conditions, and the ST Connector that helped make fiber optic communications affordable.
Carson, Ben 1951– Pediatric neurosurgeon Pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University; first surgeon to successfully separate craniopagus twins
Carruthers, George 1939-Astrophysicist Invented ultraviolet camera/ spectograph, which was used by NASA when it launched Apollo 16 in 1972
Carver, George Washington 1865–1943 Botanical researcher Discovered hundreds of uses for previously useless vegetables and fruits, principally the peanut
Charles W. Chappelle 1872–1941 Electrician, construction, international businessman, and aviation pioneerDesigned long-distance flight airplane; the only African-American to invent and display the airplane at the 1911 First Industrial Air Show held in conjunction with the Auto Show at Grand Central Palace in Manhattan in New York City; president of the African Union Company, Inc.
Clark, Mamie 1914–2005 Psychologist Conducted 1940s experiments using dolls to study children's attitudes about race
Crosthwait, David, Jr.1898–1976 Research engineer Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; received some 40 US patents relating to HVAC systems
Curtis, James H (Nick) 1935- Researcher, chemist (electronics/specialty chemicals)Organic ionogen for aluminum electrolytic capacitors, cationic dialdehyde polysaccharides for wet strength paper and others, US Patent Office US Pat #3609467 US Pat #3547423 and others
Dabiri, John 1980– Biophysicist Expert on jellyfish hydrodynamics and designer of a vertical-axis wind farm adapted from schooling fish
Dean, Mark 1957– Computer scientist Led the team that developed the ISA bus, and led the design team responsible for creating the first one-gigahertz computer processor chip
Drew, Charles 1904–1950 Medical researcher Developed improved techniques for blood storage
Ellis, Clarence "Skip" 1943– Computer scientist First African American with a Ph.D in computer science; software inventor including OfficeTalk at Xerox PARC
Gates, Sylvester James 1950– Theoretical physicis tWork on supersymmetry, supergravity, and superstring theory
Goode, Sarah E.1855–1905 Inventor Cabinet bed invention; first African-American woman to receive a patent in the United States
Grant, George F.1846–1910 Dentist, Professor The first African-American professor at Harvard, Boston dentist, and inventor of a wooden golf tee.
Griffin, Bessie Blount 1914–2009 Physical therapist, inventor Amputee self-feeding device
Hawkins, Walter Lincoln 1911–1992 Scientist Inventor at Bell Laboratories
Jackson, John W 1953-2007 Electrical Engineer, inventor Co-inventor of imaging x-ray spectrometer.
Jackson, Mary 1921–2005 Mathematician, Aerospace engineer NASA's first black female engineer
Jackson, Dr. Shirley 1946- Physicist Helped develop technologies leading to the invention of the touch-tone telephone, portable fax, solar cells, fiber optic cables, and the technology enabling caller ID and call waiting
Jennings, Thomas L.1791 –1856 Inventor First African American to be granted a patent (for a dry cleaning process called dry scouring)
Johnson, Isaac born 18?? Inventor Held patent for improvements to the bicycle frame, specifically so it could be taken apart for compact storage
Johnson, Lonnie 1949– Mechanical engineer, nuclear engineer, inventor Invented Super Soaker while researching thermal energy transfer engines; worked with NASA; holder of over 80 patents
Johnson, Katherine 1918 - Physicist, Mathematician Made contributions to the United States' aeronautics and space programs with the early application of digital electronic computers at NASA.
Jones, Frederick McKinley 1893–1961 Inventor Invented refrigerated truck systems
Julian, Percy 1899–1975 Chemist First to synthesize the natural product physostigmine; earned 130 chemical patents; lauded for humanitarian achievements
Just, Ernest 1883–1941 Woods Hole Marine Biology Institute biologist Provided basic and initial descriptions of the structure–function–property relationship of the plasma membrane of biological cells
Kountz, Samuel L.1930–1981 Transplant surgeon, researcher Organ transplantation pioneer, particularly renal transplant research and surgery; author or co-author of 172 articles in scientific publications
Latimer, Lewis 1848–1928 Inventor, draftsman, expert witness Worked as a draftsman for both Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison; became a member of Edison's Pioneers and served as an expert witness in many light bulb litigation lawsuits; said to have invented the water closet
Lawson, Jerry 1940–2011 Computer engineer Designer of Fairchild Channel F, the first programmable ROM cartridge-based video game console
Lee, Raphael Carl 1949– Surgeon, biomedical engineer ]Paul and Aileen Russell Professor, Pritzker School of Medicine; MacArthur Fellow, Searle Scholar, founder and Chairman, Avocet Polymer Technologies, Inc.; founder and Chairman, Renacyte BioMolecular Technologies, Inc; discovered use of surfactant copolymers as molecular chaperones to augment endogenous injury repair mechanisms of living cells; holder of many patents covering scar treatment therapies, tissue engineered ligaments, brain trauma therapies, and protective garments
Matzeliger, Jan 1852–1889 Inventor Shoe assembly Machine
McCoy, Elijah 1844–1929 Inventor Invented a version of the automatic lubricator for steam engines, McCoy learned a great deal of his skills from a mechanical apprenticeship when he was age fifteen .
Montgomery, Benjamin 1819–1877 Inventor Designed a steam operated propeller to provide propulsion to boats in shallow water
Moore, Willie Hobbs 1934–1994 Physicist First African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in Physics (University of Michigan Ann Arbor 1972) on vibrational analysis of secondary chlorides
Morgan, Garrett 1877 – 1963 Inventor Invented an early version of a gas mask called a smoke hood, and created the first traffic light that included a third "warning" position which is standard today. Morgan also developed a chemical that was used in hair products for hair-straightening.
Miles, Alexander 1838 – 1918 Inventor Invented electric elevator doors that automatically open and close
Parker, Alice H.1895–Inventor Furnace for Central Heating
Quarterman, Lloyd Albert 1918–1982 Scientist, fluoride chemist Manhattan Project, worked with Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi
Rillieux, Norbert 1806–1894 Engineer, inventor Inventor of the multiple-effect evaporator
Ross, Archia Turn of 20th century Inventor A runner for stoops (1896), bag closure device (1898), a wrinkle-preventing trouser stretcher (1899), a garment-hanger (1903), and a holder for brooms and like articles.
Russell, Jesse 1948–Engineer, inventor Wireless communications engineer
Snyder, Window1976–Computer engineer Security engineer at Microsoft, Mozilla, and Apple
Temple, Lewis 1800–1854 Inventor, blacksmith, abolitionist Inventor of the toggling whaling harpoon head
Walker, Arthur B. C., Jr.1936–2001 Astronomer Developed normal incidence multilayer XUV telescopes to photograph the solar corona
West, James E.1931–Acoustician, inventor Co-developed the foil electret microphone
Wilkins, J. Ernest, Jr.1923–2011 Mathematician, engineer, nuclear scientist Entered University of Chicago at age 13; Ph.D at 19; worked on the Manhattan Project; wrote over 100 scientific papers; helped recruit minorities into the sciences
Woods, Granville1856–1910 Inventor Invented the synchronous multiplex railway telegraph
Wright, Jane C.1919–2013 Cancer research and surgeon Noted for her contributions to chemotherapy and for pioneering the use of the drug methotrexate to treat breast cancer and skin cancer
Q: What's the best way to lie down the foundation for a totalitarian government?
A: Create a national ID and call it a "Trump card".
Have the most disenfranchised people begging for it!!!
Q: What's the best way to leave America vulnerable via airports?
A: Refuse to pay TSA(Transportation Security Agency) employees because you must have 5.7 billion to build a wall!!!
Q: What's the best way to allow an influx of undocumented immigrants into America?
A: Shut down DHS (Department of Homeland Security) because you want to build a wall!!
Q: Want to know how America can become 3rd world overnight?
A: Cut social programs because you want 5.7 billion to build a wall!
Hello dear friends, I'm sharing an article today, this Thanksgiving Day, of a recent Christian conversion mission gone awry.The irony here folks, is that this man's surname "Chau" indicates that his ancestors at some point in history, were themselves colonized. Or had the imperialist religion imposed, now he attempts to impose on another. I think that it's imperative, that we, humanity, understand that if a people doesn't share our religious views. By no means are no less human, civilized or intelligent than the next. We are all allowed to stand on our own truth, respect that!!
By Jeffrey Gettleman, Hari Kumar and Kai Schultz
Mr. Chau, an American thought to be in his 20s, was floating in a kayak off a remote island in the Andaman Sea. He was about to set foot on one of the most sealed-off parts of India, an island inhabited by a small, enigmatic and highly isolated tribe whose members have killed outsiders for simply stepping on their shore.
Fishermen warned him not to go. Few outsiders had ever been there. And Indian government regulations clearly prohibited any interaction with people on the island, called North Sentinel.
But Mr. Chau pushed ahead, setting off in his kayak, which he had packed with a Bible. After that, it is a bit of a mystery what happened.
But the police say one thing is clear: Mr. Chau did not survive.
On Wednesday, the Indian authorities said that Mr. Chau had been shot with bows and arrows by tribesmen when he got on shore and that his body was still on the island. Fishermen who helped take Mr. Chau to North Sentinel told the police that they had seen tribesmen dragging his body on the beach.
It was a “misplaced adventure,’’ said Dependra Pathak, the police chief in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. “He certainly knew it was off limits.’’
Mr. Pathak said Mr. Chau, believed to be 26 or 27 and from Washington State, may have been trying to convert the islanders to Christianity. Right before he left in his kayak, Mr. Chau gave the fishermen a long note in case he did not come back. In it, police officials said, he had written that Jesus had bestowed him with the strength to go to the most forbidden places on Earth.
On Wednesday, in a post on Mr. Chau’s Instagram account, his family expressed deep sadness and said he was “a beloved son, brother, uncle, and best friend to us. To others he was a Christian missionary, a wilderness EMT, an international soccer coach, and a mountaineer.”
They also seemed to hold out some hope that he had survived, saying the report of his death was unconfirmed. They also said they forgave those who might have been responsible for his death.
Family members did not respond to phone messages.
The Andaman and nearby Nicobar Islands are beautiful, palm-fringed specks ringed by coral in the Indian Ocean. The government controls access very carefully; of the more than 500 islands, many areas are off limits.
On Nov. 14, Mr. Chau hired a fishing boat in Port Blair, the main city in the Andamans, to take him to North Sentinel. He waited until darkness to set off, police officials said, so he would not be detected by the authorities.
T. N. Pandit, an anthropologist who visited North Sentinel several times between 1967 and 1991, said the Sentinelese people — who officially number around 50 and who hunt with spears and arrows fashioned from scraps of metal that wash up on their shores — were more hostile to outsiders than other indigenous communities living in the Andamans.
Once, when Mr. Pandit’s expedition offered a pig to the Sentinelese, two members of the tribe walked to the edge of the beach, “speared it” and buried it in the sand.
During another encounter, Mr. Pandit was separated from his colleagues and left alone in the water. A young tribesman on the beach pulled out a knife and “made a sign as if he was carving out my body.”
“He threatened; I understood,” Mr. Pandit said. “Contact was different with the Sentinelese,” he added, noting that the Jarawa, another tribe, “invited us to come ashore and sang songs.”
Being left alone was very important for the Sentinelese, said Stephen Corry, the director of Survival International, a group that protects the rights of indigenous tribal peoples around the world.
“This tragedy should never have been allowed to happen,” Mr. Corry said in a statement, adding that the Indian government must protect the tribe from “further invaders.”
Gift-giving expeditions to the Sentinelese stopped in 1996. The Indian Navy now enforces a buffer zone to keep people away. In 2006, the Sentinelese killed two fishermen who had accidentally drifted on shore.
According to the fishermen who helped Mr. Chau, they motored for several hours from Port Blair to North Sentinel. Mr. Chau waited until the next morning, at daybreak, to try to get ashore.
He put his kayak in the water less than half a mile out and paddled toward the island.
The fishermen said that tribesmen had shot arrows at him and that he had retreated. He apparently tried several more times to reach the island over the next two days, the police say, offering gifts such as a small soccer ball, fishing line and scissors. But on the morning of Nov. 17, the fishermen said they saw the islanders with his body.
The seven people who helped Mr. Chau reach the island have been arrested and charged with culpable homicide not amounting to murder and with violating rules protecting aboriginal tribes.
In the Instagram post, the family asked for the release of the seven and said he had “ventured out on his own free will.”
Another case has been registered against “unknown persons” for killing Mr. Chau. But in the past, the authorities have said that it is virtually impossible to prosecute members of the protected tribes because of the area’s inaccessibility and the Indian government’s decision not to interfere in their lives.
In a blog post from several years ago, Mr. Chau said he had coached soccer, worked for AmeriCorps and that he was “an explorer at heart.” The Indian police said he had visited the Andamans at least three times.
When asked what was the top of his must-do list, Mr. Chau had written on the blog: “Going back to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India is on the top — there’s so much to see and do there!”
"We're all like pieces to a puzzle, which makeup humanity and together, this puzzle is the Universe. The Universe is god and there lies the answer to our purpose in life." ~ Shakira Z. Ch'i
Today from my underground talent series, I'd like to introduce to you an artist known as The Rou Show or simply Rou. The Brooklyn,NY emcee hailing originally from Boston,MA explained how he first fell in love with writing and the process of creating music since age 11. "I first fell in love with music at a very young, I was 11. Coming from a Haitian background, my parents instilled in me the necessity of having a solid and stable career. But no matter what, I always came back to music. I learned to not run from that path but instead embraced music as a part of me."
He describes his primary sound as "Old school hip-hop, mixed with r&b with a pop feel. I love to mix genres. My sound is always evolving. I could work with #TaylorSwift then go right next door and work with #LittleBrother . That would be my dream to work with #Phonte (of Little Brother). I'm really feeling as well #Drake because he wasn't afraid to take it there, to be vulnerable on record."
No stranger to giving back to the community, Rou is also a full time school teacher and Dean. "Back in my college days, I opened up for Black thought and the Roots. I would love to get back on the road and tour. I'm open and available for gigs and showcases. I sell beats and do collabs. To open up one's gifts to the world, that what god wants."
Rou has a song entitled "Ally" that's available on SoundCloud. I found this song intriguing and asked him to elaborate.
"Ally is a song about what our world is lacking. We need honesty and vulnerability in the world"
"People hunger for real shit. I challenge the listener to embrace the ugly world that we are manifesting."
I ask this, are we quietly complicit in the injustices that happen on a daily basis? Rou's song made me ponder this very question.
Rou stated to me that he wants to "Make music that touches people as music has touched me, that's my goal. To be signed would be cool but I value my independence. Touring with Little Brother would be nice."
"The most important thing is always follow your destiny, and love over everything."
You can follow Rou:
Instagram: The Real_RouShow
Serious business inquires only!
Hello dear friends,
As you all know, I'm a connoisseur of positive music, global and local!! Well today I'd like to introduce you to an up and coming musician. I had the opportunity to interview him all the way from Africa!!
We meet a 21 year old musician by the stage name of Ysaehi Konrad hailing from Windhoek, the capital city of Namibia ( a small country located in Southern Africa). A local spoken word artist and aspiring writer, he also writes his own songs and describes his sound as "inspirational and good for the soul. "
"I like to take my feelings, put it to sound and create something good to share with the people." He grew up listening to the likes of "Akon, Bob Marley, K'naan and Ziggy Marley."
He sees himself in the future completing a few studio albums, working with Akon and Ziggy Marley and going on world tour. He states that he wants his music "to be heard all over the world and make a world cup song like K'naan." Not believing in separation of culture or people he says, "I am someone that believes we all are one and I wish for my music to help heal humanity."
We must always support our youth that are making their positive mark in the world. I have the utmost respect for this young artist. I'm touched by his ambition.
You can hear this young talent for yourself on soundcloud @ Ysaehi Konrad and subscribe to his Youtube channel: Ysaehi Konrad
Follow him on Facebook: Ysaehi Konrad
Follow him on Instagram: Ysaehi_Konrad
Future works: A book entitled "The Results of My Inspiration"
I have included this exceptional talent's official video, so check it out and please share!!
"If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration" ~ Nikola Tesla
FT. WAYNE, Ind.--An Indiana cold case has been solved with the arrest and confession of the man police believe raped and murdered April Marie Tinsley, 30 years ago in Ft. Wayne.
Radio station WOWO Ft. Wayne reports John D. Miller 59, has been charged with murder, confinement and child molesting.
He was picked up in Grabill, Sunday. Police have scheduled a press conference for Tuesday.
Tinsley, 8, went missing April 1, 1988, which was both April Fools and Good Friday. Her mom Janet, walked her up the block and waved her goodbye. When April was on the way to another friend's house, she was abducted.
Tinsley called police.
"They said she was a runaway, and I said, an eight-year-old? A runaway?"
A team of Ft. Wayne police officers and family members put out fliers and drove the city looking for April.
On April 4, her body was found by a jogger in a ditch in DeKalb County, near Spencerville. She'd been molested and suffocated.
Her story was part of a WIBC special called "Indiana Cold Cases", which has aired several times this summer.
When one knows the true purpose of life, joy and inner peace aren't difficult to obtain. Often times they are right in front of you. ~ Shakira Z. Ch'i
Today I would like to share with you the Maslow heirarchy of needs. To function at our optimum level, its advised that we fulfil each level within this scheme. I find from observation, that too many of us are only meeting the most basic of needs. How many of us have smiled today? Spoke to a stranger? Had pleasant things to say about someone? How many of us have taken time to smell the roses? Its the little things that mean so much. A hug from a loved one, a compliment, smile...the little kind things are endless yet they mean the world. I ask, where are you? Will you transcend? Peace Always ~ Shakira
So I've read and been told about how great you are
magical tales of wars fought and won
Indeed meritorious accomplishments are found
yes, you are beautiful and brave
held in high esteem from my eyes
if only you would behave
from coast to coast, its you that I admire the most
yet the division is the cause of my despair
She's from this tribe, he's from this land
You're from this region, I'm from this clan
When will you see that this is destroying the land?
You boast about your beauty
As I am inferior?
Yes, I'm a hybrid and I own that fact through and through
my blood tells a story much deeper than you would like to believe
yes, we also descend from kings and queens
I acknowledge your beauty, but...you know, fuck that
because you're beautifully dying
respectably tragic, brilliantly flawed, highly disrespected
courageously unprotected, globally rejected
Mama, I beg of you, pull yourself together
I understand that you have soldiered through all kinds of weather
So why not now? Why have you given away your crown?
This system is built on our imaginations. Money has imaginary value. Governments have imaginary authority. And we have imaginary limits. If we want to change things, we must start with the imagination. ~ Gavin Nascimento
"I'm an avid student of life, love, and spirit. My blog isn't about external beauty per se, clothes, fashion, make-up,or even politics. No none of these things!! The articles that I write come from my heart and are about something simple yet complex, rugged yet fragile, dark yet light. Something beautiful yet at times can be ugly. I write about something that all reading this shouldn't take for granted. Life!! Something everlasting yet fleeting." - Shakira Z. Ch'i Peace Always