As all Americans know, February is "Black History Month." This is the time when children of all colors learn of Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks. No disrespect, but after hearing the " I Have A Dream" speech and how Mrs. Rosa Parks didn't give up her seat to a white man, year after year, it becomes a little redundant and it's no wonder why children lose interest.
I ask these questions...
Why is black American history only taught the shortest month of the year?
Why aren't black American children being encouraged to become more involved in S.T.E.M?
Why are blacks, #ADOS still the most disenfranchised even after all the great inventions and fundamental contributions?
Could you imagine what America...the world, would be like without the intellectual property created by black #ADOS people?
I'll be the first to admit that I had no idea just how many intricate and essential things that my ancestral constituents devised. I was in utter awe. Why didn't I know these things? Why do black Americans have the stereotypical misrepresentation of only being good as the "dumb jock, ratchet rapper or dubious double talking politician?"
Because I believe in creating and exploring different paths than those given, I intentionally did't post any "black history" in the month of February, as I believe, as I know that "black history" is American history and should be taught everyday of the year!!! ( Maybe I will start an online petition to have this implemented in the educational curriculum. )
I said all that to say this, If America truly wants to be great? If America truly doesn't want to fall? She wouldn't leave melanated, a.k.a indigenous b.k.a ADOS out of the conversation. She would realize the gem she is in company of and invite us to the table to fairly divide the pie!!! (Reparations and land) Think about it!
I've made a list of just some of the inventions Indigenous Americans (ADOS) have made, please research and share what you have learned with family and friends!
Peace Always~ Shakira
Alcorn, George Edward, Jr.1940– Physicist, inventor Invented a method of fabricating an imaging X-ray spectrometer
Alexander, Archie 1888–1958 Civil engineer Responsible for the construction of many roads and bridges, including the Whitehurst Freeway, the Tidal Basin Bridge, and an extension to the Baltimore-Washington Parkway.
Bailey, Leonard C.1825–1918InventorFolding bed
Banneker, Benjamin 1731–1806 Mathematician, astronomer, surveyor, clockmaker, author, farme rWooden clock (1753); assisted in survey of the original boundaries of the District of Columbia (1791); authored almanac and ephemeris (1792–1797)
Bashen, Janet 1957 –Inventor, entrepreneur, professional consultant First African-American woman to receive a patent for a web-based software invention, LinkLine, an Equal Employment Opportunity case management and tracking software
Bath, Patricia 1942–Ophthalmologist First African-American female physician to receive a patent for a medical invention; inventions relate to cataract surgery and include the Laserphaco Probe, which revolutionized the industry in the 1980s, and an ultrasound technique for treatment
Beard, Andrew 1849–1921 Farmer, carpenter, blacksmith, railroad worker, businessman, inventorJanney coupler improvements; invented the car device #594,059 dated November 23, 1897; rotary engine patent #478,271 dated July 5, 1892
Bell, Earl S.1977– Inventor, entrepreneur, architect, industrial designer Invented chair with sliding skin (2004) and the quantitative display apparatus (2005)
Benjamin, Miriam 1861–1947 Inventor, educatorInvented "Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels"; second African-American woman to receive a patent
Berry, Leonidas 1902–1995 Gastroenterologist Gastroscope pioneer
Blackwell, David 1919–2010 Mathematician, statistician First proposed the Blackwell channel model used in coding theory and information theory; one of the eponyms of the Rao–Blackwell theorem, which is a process that significantly improves crude statisticalestimators
Blair, Henry 1807–1860 Inventor Second black inventor to issue a patent; invented seed planter and cotton planter.
Boone, Sarah 1832–1905 Inventor Ironing board allowing sleeves of women's garments to be ironed more easily
Boykin, Otis1920–1982 Inventor, engineer Artificial heart pacemaker control unit
Brooks, Charles1865– ?Inventor Street sweeper truck and a type of paper punch
Brooks, Phil Inventor First US patent for a disposable syringe
Henry Brown 1832– ? Inventor Invented fire safe
Brown, Oscar E. 18xx– ?Inventor Received a patent for an improved horseshoe
Brown, Marie Van Brittan 1922–1999 Inventor Invented the home security system
Burr, John Albert18xx– ?Inventor Rotary-blade lawn mower patent
Cannon, Thomas C.1943- Inventor Led a group of engineers who developed the Tactical Optical Fiber Connector (TOFC), the first fiber optic connector deployed under battlefield conditions, and the ST Connector that helped make fiber optic communications affordable.
Carson, Ben 1951– Pediatric neurosurgeon Pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University; first surgeon to successfully separate craniopagus twins
Carruthers, George 1939-Astrophysicist Invented ultraviolet camera/ spectograph, which was used by NASA when it launched Apollo 16 in 1972
Carver, George Washington 1865–1943 Botanical researcher Discovered hundreds of uses for previously useless vegetables and fruits, principally the peanut
Charles W. Chappelle 1872–1941 Electrician, construction, international businessman, and aviation pioneerDesigned long-distance flight airplane; the only African-American to invent and display the airplane at the 1911 First Industrial Air Show held in conjunction with the Auto Show at Grand Central Palace in Manhattan in New York City; president of the African Union Company, Inc.
Clark, Mamie 1914–2005 Psychologist Conducted 1940s experiments using dolls to study children's attitudes about race
Crosthwait, David, Jr.1898–1976 Research engineer Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; received some 40 US patents relating to HVAC systems
Curtis, James H (Nick) 1935- Researcher, chemist (electronics/specialty chemicals)Organic ionogen for aluminum electrolytic capacitors, cationic dialdehyde polysaccharides for wet strength paper and others, US Patent Office US Pat #3609467 US Pat #3547423 and others
Dabiri, John 1980– Biophysicist Expert on jellyfish hydrodynamics and designer of a vertical-axis wind farm adapted from schooling fish
Dean, Mark 1957– Computer scientist Led the team that developed the ISA bus, and led the design team responsible for creating the first one-gigahertz computer processor chip
Drew, Charles 1904–1950 Medical researcher Developed improved techniques for blood storage
Ellis, Clarence "Skip" 1943– Computer scientist First African American with a Ph.D in computer science; software inventor including OfficeTalk at Xerox PARC
Gates, Sylvester James 1950– Theoretical physicis tWork on supersymmetry, supergravity, and superstring theory
Goode, Sarah E.1855–1905 Inventor Cabinet bed invention; first African-American woman to receive a patent in the United States
Grant, George F.1846–1910 Dentist, Professor The first African-American professor at Harvard, Boston dentist, and inventor of a wooden golf tee.
Griffin, Bessie Blount 1914–2009 Physical therapist, inventor Amputee self-feeding device
Hawkins, Walter Lincoln 1911–1992 Scientist Inventor at Bell Laboratories
Jackson, John W 1953-2007 Electrical Engineer, inventor Co-inventor of imaging x-ray spectrometer.
Jackson, Mary 1921–2005 Mathematician, Aerospace engineer NASA's first black female engineer
Jackson, Dr. Shirley 1946- Physicist Helped develop technologies leading to the invention of the touch-tone telephone, portable fax, solar cells, fiber optic cables, and the technology enabling caller ID and call waiting
Jennings, Thomas L.1791 –1856 Inventor First African American to be granted a patent (for a dry cleaning process called dry scouring)
Johnson, Isaac born 18?? Inventor Held patent for improvements to the bicycle frame, specifically so it could be taken apart for compact storage
Johnson, Lonnie 1949– Mechanical engineer, nuclear engineer, inventor Invented Super Soaker while researching thermal energy transfer engines; worked with NASA; holder of over 80 patents
Johnson, Katherine 1918 - Physicist, Mathematician Made contributions to the United States' aeronautics and space programs with the early application of digital electronic computers at NASA.
Jones, Frederick McKinley 1893–1961 Inventor Invented refrigerated truck systems
Julian, Percy 1899–1975 Chemist First to synthesize the natural product physostigmine; earned 130 chemical patents; lauded for humanitarian achievements
Just, Ernest 1883–1941 Woods Hole Marine Biology Institute biologist Provided basic and initial descriptions of the structure–function–property relationship of the plasma membrane of biological cells
Kountz, Samuel L.1930–1981 Transplant surgeon, researcher Organ transplantation pioneer, particularly renal transplant research and surgery; author or co-author of 172 articles in scientific publications
Latimer, Lewis 1848–1928 Inventor, draftsman, expert witness Worked as a draftsman for both Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison; became a member of Edison's Pioneers and served as an expert witness in many light bulb litigation lawsuits; said to have invented the water closet
Lawson, Jerry 1940–2011 Computer engineer Designer of Fairchild Channel F, the first programmable ROM cartridge-based video game console
Lee, Raphael Carl 1949– Surgeon, biomedical engineer ]Paul and Aileen Russell Professor, Pritzker School of Medicine; MacArthur Fellow, Searle Scholar, founder and Chairman, Avocet Polymer Technologies, Inc.; founder and Chairman, Renacyte BioMolecular Technologies, Inc; discovered use of surfactant copolymers as molecular chaperones to augment endogenous injury repair mechanisms of living cells; holder of many patents covering scar treatment therapies, tissue engineered ligaments, brain trauma therapies, and protective garments
Matzeliger, Jan 1852–1889 Inventor Shoe assembly Machine
McCoy, Elijah 1844–1929 Inventor Invented a version of the automatic lubricator for steam engines, McCoy learned a great deal of his skills from a mechanical apprenticeship when he was age fifteen .
Montgomery, Benjamin 1819–1877 Inventor Designed a steam operated propeller to provide propulsion to boats in shallow water
Moore, Willie Hobbs 1934–1994 Physicist First African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in Physics (University of Michigan Ann Arbor 1972) on vibrational analysis of secondary chlorides
Morgan, Garrett 1877 – 1963 Inventor Invented an early version of a gas mask called a smoke hood, and created the first traffic light that included a third "warning" position which is standard today. Morgan also developed a chemical that was used in hair products for hair-straightening.
Miles, Alexander 1838 – 1918 Inventor Invented electric elevator doors that automatically open and close
Parker, Alice H.1895–Inventor Furnace for Central Heating
Quarterman, Lloyd Albert 1918–1982 Scientist, fluoride chemist Manhattan Project, worked with Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi
Rillieux, Norbert 1806–1894 Engineer, inventor Inventor of the multiple-effect evaporator
Ross, Archia Turn of 20th century Inventor A runner for stoops (1896), bag closure device (1898), a wrinkle-preventing trouser stretcher (1899), a garment-hanger (1903), and a holder for brooms and like articles.
Russell, Jesse 1948–Engineer, inventor Wireless communications engineer
Snyder, Window1976–Computer engineer Security engineer at Microsoft, Mozilla, and Apple
Temple, Lewis 1800–1854 Inventor, blacksmith, abolitionist Inventor of the toggling whaling harpoon head
Walker, Arthur B. C., Jr.1936–2001 Astronomer Developed normal incidence multilayer XUV telescopes to photograph the solar corona
West, James E.1931–Acoustician, inventor Co-developed the foil electret microphone
Wilkins, J. Ernest, Jr.1923–2011 Mathematician, engineer, nuclear scientist Entered University of Chicago at age 13; Ph.D at 19; worked on the Manhattan Project; wrote over 100 scientific papers; helped recruit minorities into the sciences
Woods, Granville1856–1910 Inventor Invented the synchronous multiplex railway telegraph
Wright, Jane C.1919–2013 Cancer research and surgeon Noted for her contributions to chemotherapy and for pioneering the use of the drug methotrexate to treat breast cancer and skin cancer